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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 44-48

Dermatoglyphics as a Non Invasive Diagnostic Tool for Predicting Caries Risk in Specially Abled Children


1 Associate Professor, Department of Pedodontics, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences, Hyderabad, AP, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of Pedodontics, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences, Hyderabad, AP, India
3 Post Graduate Student, Department of Pedodontics, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences, Hyderabad, AP, India
4 Reader, Department of Pedodontics, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences, Hyderabad, AP, India
5 Senior Lecturer, Department of Pedodontics, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences, Hyderabad, AP, India

Correspondence Address:
Srinivas Nallanchakrava
Associate Professor, Department of Pedodontics, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences, Hyderabad, AP
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim: The present study was conducted to determine the dermatoglyphic configuration of specially abled and healthy children by comparing the variations that occur in these patterns and evaluating the caries experience associated with it. Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study in which dermatoglyphic patterns along with deft and DMFT index was recorded in 100 children of age 6-16 years divided into two groups of 50 each (50-specially abled and 50- normal children). Results: Statistical analysis was done using MANN-WHITNEY U test. Specially abled children showed increased number of loop configurations compared to healthy children and high caries risk children in both the groups showed increased number of arches and decrease in the number of whorls with no statistical significance (P >0.005). Conclusion: With further research in this field, dermatoglyphic patterns can prove to be an effective diagnostic tool in diagnosis of diseases with a genetic cause.


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