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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-22

Changing of family size and some sociodemographic-related factors in rural areas in the north of iran: Results of two cross-sectional studies from 2004 to 2013


1 Department of Nutrition, Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2 Department of Medicine, Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3 Department of Dentistry, Pardis Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Maryam Montazeri
Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan Province
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2321-8568.199530

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Background: The population growth as a multifaceted factor is a controversial issue in Iran. The main aim of this study is to compare the population growth and some sociodemographic-related factors in the rural areas between 2004 and 2013 in the north of Iran. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive and cross-sectional study, sample size was estimated at a minimum of 2401 (with an accuracy of 0.01 and error < 0.05). These studies were carried out on 2816 and 2562 individuals in 2004 and 2013, respectively. The sampling was combinational, and 20 out of 118 villages were selected randomly. We collected the data from all families whose children were under the age of 5 years. Data were analysed using SPSS software version 18.0, and P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean and standard deviation in 2004 and 2013 was 4.86 &3177; 1.96 and 4.13 &3177; 1.34, respectively. Decreasing trend was statistically significant during the two studies (P < 0.001). The highest family size has been observed in Turkmen group with 5.41 and 4.44 numbers in 2004 and 2013, respectively. Family size was positively correlated with economic status (P = 0.001), but it was negative with educational levels. ANOVA showed a significant difference between education level and mean of family size (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Family size in Turkmen group was higher than that in Fars-native and Sistani groups. It had a significant decreasing trend during the 9-year study. Population growth has a positive correlation with economic status and negative correlation with mother's educational level.


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