• Users Online: 209
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 180-185

A classification analysis of musculoskeletal complaints and its association with anxiety, depression and psychological distress: Results from a large-scale cross-sectional study of adult Iranian population


1 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences; Psychosomatic Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences; Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
4 Psychosomatic Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5 Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center; Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Awat Feizi
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P. O. Box 319, Hezar-Jerib Ave., Isfahan 81746 73461
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_13_18

Rights and Permissions

Objectives: The current study aimed to classify study population in homogenous groups based on musculoskeletal complaints and investigate the association of common psychological disorders with musculoskeletal complaints in a large sample of Iranian adults. Methods: Using data from a cross-sectional sample of adult Iranian population (n = 4762), individuals were classified in meaningful subgroups based on their musculoskeletal complaints and the association of common psychological disorders with musculoskeletal complaints was investigated in identified classes using structural equation mixture model. Musculoskeletal complaints score extracted through eight items concerning site-specific or widespread musculoskeletal symptoms. Psychological distress was measured by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Depression and anxiety were measured using Persian validated version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: Two classes characterised by high (15.5%) and low (84.5%) levels of musculoskeletal complaints, were identified using structural equation mixture modeling. All musculoskeletal symptoms had a higher prevalence among participants allocated to 'high musculoskeletal complaints' class compared to 'low musculoskeletal complaints' class. Severe fatigue and back pain were the most reported complaints. Anxiety, depression and psychological distress were positively associated with musculoskeletal complaints score in identified classes, controlling for sex and age. Anxiety showed a stronger association with musculoskeletal complaints score compared to depression and psychological distress. Conclusions: Musculoskeletal complaints can be summarised in a categorical and dimensional structure in the adult study population. Common psychological disorders including anxiety, depression and psychological distress are significantly associated with musculoskeletal complaints. These findings could be useful for dealing with prevention and treatment programmes.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1035    
    Printed96    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded184    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal