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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-20

The incidence of testicular cancer in Iran from 1996 to 2017: A systematic review and meta-analysis


1 Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht; Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Public Health and School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
3 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
5 Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
6 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
7 Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
8 Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
9 Department of Public Health, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Hamid Salehiniya
Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_66_18

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Objective: Testicular cancer (TC), although it is one of the most unusual cancers, seems to be increasing. There is no accurate information on the incidence of this cancer in Iran. The present study is conducted to evaluate the incidence rates of TC in Iran. Methods: A systematic search was conducted on all published studies of TC incidence using Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar and four Iranian databases (Scientific Information Database, MagIran, IranMedex and IranDoc) until June 2018. This systematic review was done according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Result: The database searching yielded 132 potentially relevant studies. A total of 11 studies were included in the study. The results of the random-effects model were demonstrated that the age-standardised rate (ASR) of TC was 1.13, 95% confidence interval (0.97–1.29) among Iranian males. Conclusion: ASR for TC in Iran is lower than the world average; however, it has a higher incidence than other Asian countries.


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