Advances in Human Biology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 186--189

Epidemiology and trend of hepatitis B infection in Hamadan Province during 2011–2016


Salman Khazaei1, Arash Mofarrah-Zat2, Shahrzad Nematollahi3, Mohammad Mirzaei1, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi4, Seyyed Jalal Bathaei2, Manoochehr Solgi1 
1 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Neurology and Neurosciences Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Manoochehr Solgi
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan
Iran

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major public health problem worldwide. The objective of this study was to investigate the epidemiological pattern and to analyse the trend of hepatitis B infection in Hamadan province over 7 successive years (2011–2016). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on the recorded HBV cases (n = 1132) by the Deputy of Health affiliated to Hamadan University of Medical Sciences during 2011–2016. Cochran–Armitage test was used to investigate the changes in trend of the infection according to demographical and clinical characteristics. Incidence rates of HBV were estimated by districts for 2016. Results: Overall, 708 (62.54%) were male and 733 (64.75%) were urban dwellers; the highest proportion of the cases (41.17%) belonged to the age group of 25–44 years. There was a significant decreasing trend of HBV incidence in 15–24 years of age group (P for trend = 0.038). Overall, incidence rate of HBV infection in Hamadan province was 7.59/100,000 in 2016, while southern counties had higher incidence rates as compared to northern parts. Conclusion: Our results showed that HBV was prevalent in the age group of 25–44 years. In spite of effective vaccination programmes against hepatitis B, the increasing trend of HBV in southern parts of the province and reduced trend of hepatitis B in the northern counties should be further explored to find the role of other risk factors in the HBV process and the reporting system.


How to cite this article:
Khazaei S, Mofarrah-Zat A, Nematollahi S, Mirzaei M, Mohammadbeigi A, Bathaei SJ, Solgi M. Epidemiology and trend of hepatitis B infection in Hamadan Province during 2011–2016.Adv Hum Biol 2018;8:186-189


How to cite this URL:
Khazaei S, Mofarrah-Zat A, Nematollahi S, Mirzaei M, Mohammadbeigi A, Bathaei SJ, Solgi M. Epidemiology and trend of hepatitis B infection in Hamadan Province during 2011–2016. Adv Hum Biol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Jun 3 ];8:186-189
Available from: http://www.aihbonline.com/article.asp?issn=2321-8568;year=2018;volume=8;issue=3;spage=186;epage=189;aulast=Khazaei;type=0