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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-41

Treatment Outcome of Diode Laser for Symptomatic Relief in Oral Sub Mucous Fibrosis: A Pilot Study


1 Resident, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
3 Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
4 Professor and Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
5 Consultant Maxillofacial Surgeon, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjeev Naik
Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim : Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a progressive premalignant condition largely occurring in Indian subcontinent due to habitual chewing of betel nut. Major symptoms of the condition include burning sensation to spicy food and progressive trismus. Since aetiology and pathogenesis of this condition is not fully understood; the management of patient focuses on symptomatic relief of trismus and burning sensation. Materials and Method : This was a pilot study to compare the outcome of diode laser (category A) to steroid and hyaluronidase injections (category B) in early stage of OSMF. Results : By the end of six months, patients in either of the categories showed significant improvement in reduction of symptoms, however; patients in category A showed greater significance in mouth opening ( p=0.002 vs. p=0.011) and reduction in burning sensation (p=0.002 vs. p=0.004). Conclusion: Although laser excision is not an answer for OSMF, it is a simple surgical procedure with effective results in the management of symptoms of OSMF. Improved mouth opening further facilitates periodic inspection of mucosa for initial signs of malignant transformation.


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