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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 159-163

Prevalence and co-relates of hypertension among Gaddi (Agro Pastoralist) tribal's at high altitude in North-West India

1 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. RPGMC, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medicine, Dr. RPGMC, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Kumar Raina
Department of Community Medicine, Dr. RPGMC, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_78_17

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Introduction: An extensive search on PubMed reveals the paucity of data on hypertension among agro-pastoralist (Nomadic) tribal population in India. Studies among nomadic tribal's living at high altitudes provide an interesting epidemiological window to study human adaptation to changing living conditions. Materials and Methods: A total of 420 agro-pastoralist participants above the age of 20 years were evaluated for blood pressure using a stratified simple random technique in agro-pastoralist villages located at high altitude. Results: Out of a total of 420 individuals studied, 44 (males: 28; females: 16) were identified as hypertensive yielding a crude prevalence of 10.5%. The prevalence was higher in males (28/261; 10.7%) as compared to females (16/159; 10.1%). The proportion of hypertension was observed to be significantly higher among 51–60 years of age group (18.2%) as compared to other age groups (P = 0.03). Conclusions: The Gaddi (agro-pastoralist) tribal's diet-style may be the probable reason for a lower prevalence of hypertension among them.

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